Gabz is only three years old, but I am already teaching her how to read and write. She can write her full name without any coaching from me. When it comes to reading, she can associate the sound of the beginning letter of the word. This became a game for us, she would tell me, "Mommy, B (saying the sound of B) Book, P - Pen, P - Pillow and so on and so forth. At first, I have no clue how to teach her how to read. Then she was beginning to memorize what was written on her book and pretended to read it by her. It was amazing because it looks like she knows how to read by herself. Then I bought some books that teach word familiarization. It was quite tough for her because she tends to forget the words and has the tendency to mix it up. I am trying to do some trial and error which method will work for her but has little progress at the moment.
Another approach that I have recently discovered is Words in Color. Words in Color is an approach develops by Caleb Gattegno to teach students how to read, write and spell. This approach has been used in classrooms, home schools and after school study for over 40 years in 40 countries. Words in color trigger the natural capacities to learn and do not hide from the difficulties and ambiguities of written English. But this approach is not intended for use with those who does not speak English or speak just a little of it. According to United State's National Reading Panel, there are essential sub-skills required to master the skill of reading. And these includes; decoding, fluency, comprehension, vocabulary and phonological awareness. These sub-skills are what Words in color was trying to address or develop in every student. Words in color offers the student to take responsibility for their own learning, use their mental faculties, be creative, construct strategies and work on the skills they already have.